Each day, more than a million people acquire a sexually transmitted infection (STI ) in world
It is estimated that:
- 500 million new cases of curable STIs occur, not including AIDS (gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis and trichomoniasis) each year.
- 536 million people have the virus that causes genital herpes (HSV -2).
- Approximately 291 million women are infected with human papillomavirus (HPV) throughout his life.
- Most STIs have no visible symptoms.
Estimated cases of curable STIs (gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis and trichomoniasis). Source: WHO
In Europe, each year 47 million new cases of curable sexually transmitted diseases are diagnosticated, not counting gives AIDS .
In Spain, the situation is:
Diagnoses of gonorrhea, chlamydia and herpes.
Diagnosis of Syphilis in Spain. Source: National Statistics Institute
Consequences of STIs have a profound impact on sexual and reproductive health:
STIs can have serious consequences beyond immediate impact of infection itself as:
- Fetal and neonatal deaths: syphilis in pregnancy results in fetal and neonatal deaths 305.000, leaving 215.000 babies at greater risk of dying from prematurity, low birth weight or congenital disease.
- Cervical cancer: infection by the human papilloma virus (HPV) causes 530.000 cases of this cancer and 275.000 deaths each year.
- Infertility: sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea and chlamydia are leading causes of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), infertility and adverse pregnancy outcomes.
- Risk of HIV infection: have a sexually transmitted disease (STD) such as syphilis or herpes infection (HSV), increases chances of contracting HIV by about three times or more.
Best strategy to reduce impact of STD is PREVENTION
From EMPIREO S. L. remember that although scientific/technological advances in diagnosis and treatment of these diseases has advanced considerably in last decade, information, advice on risk behaviors and prevention are key tools in fight against STDs/ITS and optimal sexual and reproductive health.
These measures not only help alleviate the potential physical and psychological suffering associated with symptoms of STDs/STIs and their serious complications affecting quality of life, but are also measures to prevent HIV infection .
Increased condom use decreases STDs/STIs.
STDs and condom use. Condom use and its relationship to HIV, Cambodia, 1996-2011 . Source: “Report on STI and 2012 WHO global surveillance”
A study conducted in Cambodia through the ” Condom Use Program 100 %” made in period 1996 to 2011, has been very effective to stop the epidemic of HIV infection in this country, in addition to significantly reducing STDs curable such as gonorrhea, chlamydia and syphilis.
New trends in HIV infections. Course of new HIV infections , compared with estimates if they had not produced the key changes. Source : “Report of the UNAIDS World AIDS Day, 2011.”
We must also remember that an infected person who does not know their infection and have unprotected sex, exponentially increases the risk of infecting others, acting as a vector of these diseases.
Therefore, rapid and reliable diagnosis we made in EMPIREO from 3 DAYS of some of those infections, even when there are no symptoms , can help establish a treatment as soon as possible , increasing efficiency and decreasing the side effects , but mostly helps prevent new infections.
In summary, EMPIREO offers the possibility of early detection of all sexually transmitted diseases , which not only allow for greater targeting of treatment, but asymptomatic infections detection and interruption of the transmission of STIs, but also decreases HIV simple and feasible manner.
- “Global Prevalence and incidence of selected curable sexually transmitted infections, 2008.” WHO.
- “Baseline report on overall sexually transmitted infection surveillance, 2012.” WHO.
- “Informe de ONUSIDA para el día mundial del sida, 2011”
- “Vigilancia epidemiológica de las infecciones de transmisión sexual (1995-2011), Julio 2013”. DIRECCIÓN GENERAL DE SALUD PÚBLICA, CALIDAD E INNOVACIÓN.